The Correlation between Meat Consumption with the Risk of Contracting Toxoplasma Gondii with the Occurrence of Patients with Toxoplasmosis in Bogor Aquatreat Clinic, Indonesia

Authors

  • Iif Syarifah1, Helda2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i10.11152

Keywords:

Toxoplasma gondii, Toxoplasmosis, zoonosis, meat, case control

Abstract

Background : Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease originated from parasite of Toxoplasma gondii. The
purpose of this research is to analyze The Correlation between Meat Consumption with the risk of contracting
Toxoplasma gondii with the occurrence of Patients with Toxoplasmosis in Bogor Aquatreat Clinic, Indonesia.
Method : In this research, case control research design is used with a quantitative approach. This research
is an observational research using data of medical record in Bogor Aquatreat clinic Indonesia by selecting
the positive serological test results of Toxoplasmosis (IgG) for the case group and selecting the negative
serological test results of Toxoplasmosis (IgG) for the control group. Afterwards, interviews of the case and
the control groups were done by filling out the questionnaire (GForm). The taken data is the data of patients
who visited in 2019 with a total of 286 patients. The data that are willing to be used as a sample are the data
of 108 patients. The data analysis techniques which used in this research were phased, those are: univariate,
bivariate and multivariate analyzes which computerized by using a statistical program (SPSS Statistics 25).
Result: The results of this research showed that the proportion of the respondents who consumed meat
are risked in the toxoplasmosis case group was 28 (51.9%) higher than the respondents who were not
accustomed to consume meat are risked in the case of toxoplasmosis was 26 (48.1%). Logistic regression
analysis of the final model showed a significant correlation between meat consumption at risk with the
incidence of toxoplasmosis with OR 4.66 (95% CI: 1.87-11.59; p-value: 0.001), thus in the case group who
consumed meat are at risk of contracting Toxoplasma gondii was 4.66 higher than the control group after
being controlled by sex variables.
Conclusion: The correlation between meat consumption at risk with the incidence of toxoplasmosis in
the case group who consumed meat are at risk of contracting Toxoplasma gondii was 4.66 higher than the
control group after being controlled by sex variable.

Author Biography

Iif Syarifah1, Helda2

1
Master Student of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia,
2
Lecturer of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia

Published

2020-10-08

How to Cite

Iif Syarifah1, Helda2. (2020). The Correlation between Meat Consumption with the Risk of Contracting Toxoplasma Gondii with the Occurrence of Patients with Toxoplasmosis in Bogor Aquatreat Clinic, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(10), 249-255. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i10.11152