Identify Prediabetes Risk Factors, Awareness and Dietary Pattern among People in Dijil Discrete- Iraq-2019
Keywords:age over 25 years, prediabetes risk factors, awareness, Dietary Pattern.
Background: Diabetes is the major chronic metabolic disorder that affects 25 of the population in the world.
uncontrolled diabetes leads to damage many systems of the body, especially the blood vessels and nerves.
(1) Weight loss, Physical activity, healthy diet can reduce the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. (2)
1. Identify prediabetes risk factors, awareness and dietary Pattern among people over 25 years.
Method: A Cross sectional descriptive-analytical study with convenience non probability sampling had
been carried out during the period from February-April, 2019 that (200) persons over 25 years who attended
the clinic in AL-Dijil Discrete were interviewed.
Results: The study revealed that 40% of the attendance who were over 45 had risk factors as family history,
uncontrolled hypertension (?140/90mmHg), hyperlipidemia ((LDLP >140mg/dl), (triglycerides >200mg/
dl)), FBS (100-125mg/dl), HB A1c (5.7-6.5%) that mostly were females from urban areas with low education.
More than half the of attendance were obese (BMI >30 kg/m²), with physical inactivity. About awareness
of the disease, less than half of the attendance said that the disease presented as frequent thirst and hunger,
less said that the disease presented as frequent urination or blurred of vision and occurred due to have family
history, obesity and diet, there was statically significance between awareness & education. Regarding to
dietary pattern, more than half of attendance had poor intake of white meet, fruits and vegetables, 60% had
good intake of full cream milk product, too much intake of carbohydrate as white bread & rice with oil/daily.
Most of them had tea with sugar/daily and less than half had sweets/daily for both sexes.
Conclusion: Less than half of the attendance who were over 45 years had prediabetes risk factors, poor life
style and dietary habits that mostly were females from urban areas with low education