Food Habit and Risk of Pre Diabetes and Type2 Diabetes among the Meiteis of Manipur, India
Keywords:Breakfast, White rice, Lifestyle, Food habit, Meitei, Diabetes
Background: The eating pattern and types of food consumption are associated with the risk of type 2
diabetes. The present study aims at finding out the association between the types of food consumption and
prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the Meiteis of Manipur, India.
Methods: A total of randomly selected 1026 Meitei subjects which include both sexes (25 to 65 yrs.)
from Five valley districts of Manipur were tested for fasting blood glucose levels using AccuCheck Active
Glucometer. Each and individual was personally interviewed for dietary assessment.
Result: Among the studied population, the most commonly consumed food items for breakfast is deep fry
pooris (20.66%), while 46.39% go for an early meal skipping their breakfast though no significant difference
is observed between breakfast eaters and non-eaters. Considering the meals, though consumption of mixed
white rice was found higher (51.4%) than the consumption of Meitei indigenous white rice (48.6%), the
prevalence of pre-diabetic 40.5% and diabetic 16.0% was found significantly higher among the Meitei
indigenous white rice eaters.
Conclusion: There is an increased risk of pre-diabetic and diabetic. Therefore, it is recommended that
people should eat mixed white rice to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.