Epidemiology of Morbidity Profile among Population of Dehradun, Uttarakhand
Keywords:Morbidity, Mortality, Communicable diseases, Non-Communicable diseases
Background: Health which is multidimensional in nature and difficult to measure, often captured through
a range of indicators like mortality and morbidity. The data on morbidity is easy to collect but difficult to
measure without subjective bias. A bulk of the research has been done for standardization of definitions of
morbidity at National and local levels by various researchers.
Objective: This study attempts to find out the pattern of morbidity of people along with their age, sex, type
of family and religion who are permanent residents of Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
Materials and Methods: This Cross-sectional study was done from December 2018 to February 2019 for
a period of 3 months. A door-to-door survey was conducted amongst all residents of Raiwala and Rishikesh
block, Dehradun, Uttarakhand. All residents were interviewed and data related to the socio-demographics
characteristics, co-morbidities, alcohol consumption and tobacco use was collected. SPSS software was
used for analysis.
Results: A total of 3198 were included in the study. The case rate was highest (86.7%) for ?60yrs age group.
Among communicable diseases, upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) (6.71%)) and acute gastroenteritis
(5.8%) had maximum burden. Musculoskeletal pains (31.4%) and hypertension (8.1%) were the most
reported diseases among non-communicable diseases. Females outnumbered males in most of the diseases.
Conclusion: The relatively higher burden of non-communicable diseases hints towards entering of the
transition phase in India, an eye opener for the health planners to equip themselves against these diseases
and develop appropriate health care policies and practices