A Cross Sectional Study on Stress and Quality of Sleep among Long Distance Truck Drivers in South India

Authors

  • T. S Chaluvaraj1 , Amrita N Shamanewadi2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11346

Keywords:

truck drivers, long distance, stress, sleep quality, scale

Abstract

Background: Truck drivers work in extremely tough situations away from home. In India, the existing
literature on truck drivers was done focusing mostly on overall health aspects such as lifestyle diseases, but
very limited studies done on mental aspects of truck drivers. Objectives: 1) To assess the stress among long
distance truck drivers2) To determine the quality of sleep among long distance truck drivers3) To assess
sleepiness among long distance truck drivers. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among truck
drivers from the truck lay by areas on the Old Madras Road. Socio demographic data was collected with
the help of a pre designed pretested semi-structured schedule. To assess stress Cohen’s perceived stress was
used and to assess sleepiness and sleep quality Pittsburg Sleep quality index (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness
scale was used. Results: Among the total 117 truck drivers more than one thirds belonged to 28-37 years
age group, majority (90.6%) belonged to private sector with mean years of experience in driving being
13.14±8.51 years. Only one fourth experienced excessive daytime sleepiness but majority of truck drivers
had average stress. 7.8% had poor quality sleep. Conclusions: This study could be considered as the initial
step towards detection of stress and quality of sleep.

Author Biography

T. S Chaluvaraj1 , Amrita N Shamanewadi2

1Former Associate Professor, 2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MVJ Medical College and
Research hospital, Bangalore

Published

2020-10-21

How to Cite

T. S Chaluvaraj1 , Amrita N Shamanewadi2. (2020). A Cross Sectional Study on Stress and Quality of Sleep among Long Distance Truck Drivers in South India . Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(11), 48-54. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11346