Assess the Knowledge and Practice regarding Selfadministration of Insulin among Patients with Type -2 Diabetes Mellitus admitted in Medical ward at a Tertiary Care Hospital

Authors

  • K.Kavitha1 , P.Geetha1 , N.Purnima1

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11354

Keywords:

Knowledge, Practice, Type-2 Diabetes mellitus and self administration

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which the body’s inability to produce insulin is decreased, resulting
in impaired carbohydrate metabolism can leads to elevated glucose in the blood. Among the types of the
Diabetes mellitus Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is much more common, occurs when the body cannot
produce enough insulin or the insulin is not working efficiently enough. Insulin is more important therapy
for type 2 diabetes when blood glucose levels cannot be controlled by diet, weight loss, exercise, and
oral medications. Most of the people are still visiting the physicians twice monthly and on maintenance
drugs only. Hence a study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge and Practice regarding Selfadministration of Insulin among patients with Type -2 Diabetes Mellitus. The objectives of this study were
to assess the Knowledge and Practice Regarding Self-administration of insulin among the diabetes patient
admitted in a Medical ward , to find out the association between knowledge and Practice with their selected
socio-demographic variables and to find out association between knowledge and practice regarding selfadministration of insulin. A non-experimental descriptive design was adopted and the study was conducted
in medical ward , Sri Ramachandra Hospital, Chennai, Tamilnadu. 40 Type-2 diabetes patients on selfadministration on insulin were selected for the study by using convenient sampling technique. The result
suggests that there is an inadequate level of knowledge and the poor level of practice among Type-2
diabetes patients. There is a significant association between the level of knowledge and practice with the
selected demographic variables among the Type-2 diabetes patient. Hence the Nurses play an vital role in
building their knowledge and understanding the importance of prevention of complications of regarding
self-administration of insulin. This can be facilitated by motivating the nurses to provide outpatient based
education programme to improve their health.

Author Biography

K.Kavitha1 , P.Geetha1 , N.Purnima1

1Lecturer, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research,
Chennai

Published

2020-10-21

How to Cite

K.Kavitha1 , P.Geetha1 , N.Purnima1. (2020). Assess the Knowledge and Practice regarding Selfadministration of Insulin among Patients with Type -2 Diabetes Mellitus admitted in Medical ward at a Tertiary Care Hospital. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(11), 100-105. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11354