Effectiveness of Sodium Reduction Program on Urine Sodium Output among a Community Population: Cohort Study
Keywords:sodium consumption, sodium reduce program, community, knowledge, self-efficacy
Aim and Objective: The effect of reducing sodium consumption has been examined in sodium reduction
programs that were designed to fit each area, using individual level intervention, but some outcomes were
inconclusive. This 6-month study aimed to reveal effects of the combined individual-family-community
program for reducing the intake of sodium and its content in urine in a community population.
Materials and Method: This cohort study recruited 127 participants from the community. All of them
completed a 3-month individual-family-community program within the 6-month period of the study.
Outcome measures assessed at baseline and the 1st and 3rd month of the program, and 6th month of the study,
showed sodium content in first-morning urine, blood pressure, risk of excessive sodium intake, knowledge
Result: The participants showed significant improvement in all outcomes at month 1 (p<0.05) when
compared to baseline of the program. Knowledge was the only outcome that showed significance at month
3 of the program and 6 of the study period. The combined individual-family-community program was
effective in the reduction of sodium output in urine and blood pressure, and increase of knowledge and selfefficacy in the community