Literature Review : Dental Practice Management in the New Normal Era and Prevention Measures Regarding Dental Bioaerosol in Indonesia

Authors

  • Restika Anindya Pinasti1 , Ernawati2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11385

Keywords:

COVID 19, Dental bioaerosol, New Normal, Health Protocol

Abstract

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) commonly spreads through droplets from the respiratory tract or contacts with
contaminated surfaces. Risks of being infected with COVID-19 in work is mostly caused by close contacts
less than 1 meter with people who are infected with COVID-19 and contact with contaminated surfaces
and objects. All dental practitioners have a high risk of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 for face-to-face
communication and saliva, blood droplets as well as other body fluids and the use of sharp instruments. To
identify the procedures of dental practice management and prevention measures of dental bioaerosol in the
new normal era of COVID-19. The descriptive analysis was done through a literature review. The data were
from secondary data. Coronavirus is an RNA virus with a particle size of 120-160 nm. This virus mainly
infects animals, including bats and camels. Some prevention measures applied by dental practitioners were
wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) level 3 with proper procedures of removing PPE, washing
hands with soap by following six steps of handwashing suggested by World Health Organization, using a
dental aerosol suction machine to reduce the aerosol concentration in rooms with poor ventilation, sterilizing
all dental equipment with autoclave, disinfecting surfaces reached by patients and dentists, and having a
protective vaccine for health workers, for example protecting vaccine. During the COVID-19 pandemic,
nearly all dental practitioners are being at risk of transmitting and being infected with the SARS-COV-2
virus since the viral load is dominated by the aerosol in patients’ mouths. Some prevention measures in
the new normal era could be done by wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) level 3 with proper
procedures of removing PPE, washing hands with soap by following six steps of handwashing suggested
by World Health Organization, using a dental aerosol suction machine, sterilizing all dental equipment with
autoclave, disinfecting reachable surfaces, and getting the protective vaccine. The new normal era demands
changes in behavior in daily activities by following the health protocols to prevent the spread of COVID-19.

Author Biography

Restika Anindya Pinasti1 , Ernawati2

1Research Scholar of Master Program in Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Public Health Universitas
Airlangga, Indonesia, 2Lecturer Department of Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Public Health
Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Published

2020-10-21

How to Cite

Restika Anindya Pinasti1 , Ernawati2. (2020). Literature Review : Dental Practice Management in the New Normal Era and Prevention Measures Regarding Dental Bioaerosol in Indonesia. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(11), 270-275. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11385