Prevalence and Predictors of Glycemic Control in Hospitalized Patients with Diabetes

Authors

  • Abdulaziz Alaqil1 , Meshary Alkahtani 2, Mohammad Algahtani3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11411

Keywords:

Diabetes, Glycemic Control, Uncontrolled Blood Glucose.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the level of glycemic control among type 2 diabetic patients and to evaluate the factors
associated with glycemic control in hospitalized patients.
Method: The current prospective study included type 2 diabetes patients who were admitted into cardiology
and medical wards in King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh from October 2016-February 2017 for at
least 3 days and followed for a maximum of 10 days or until discharge. Patients were classified into good
glycemic control (average FBG<140mg/dl), or poor glycemic control (average FBG>140mg/dl). Data
on demographic and clinical factors were gathered. Predictors of glycemic control were identified using
multivariate logistic regression.
Result: A total of 158 patients were included. Average ± SD age was 69.2 ± 11.4 years, with 54% females
and average ± SD HbA1C was 8.8% ± 2.0,. Thirty-seven patients (23.4%) had average FBG controlled.
Results from multivariate regression showed that higher likelihood of poor glycemic control was significantly
associated with use of steroids (OR = 5.56, p = 0.039), use of Aspart (OR = 2.86, p = 0.012) and Human
regular 70/30 (OR = 5.88, p = 0.029). Patients with uncontrolled HbA1C had poor glycemic control (OR =
2.34, p = 0.047).
Conclusion: Poor glycemic control appeared to be significantly associated with uncontrolled HbA1C,
patients receiving steroids, aspart or human regular insulin. Further studies are warranted to confirm this
finding.

Author Biography

Abdulaziz Alaqil1 , Meshary Alkahtani 2, Mohammad Algahtani3

1
PharmD. Pharmacist at King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Department of Pharmacy,
2
PharmD. Pharmacist at King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard, Department of Pharmaceutical Care.
3
Mohammad Algahtani, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of
Pharmacy, King Saud University

Published

2020-10-21

How to Cite

Abdulaziz Alaqil1 , Meshary Alkahtani 2, Mohammad Algahtani3. (2020). Prevalence and Predictors of Glycemic Control in Hospitalized Patients with Diabetes. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 11(11), 409-415. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i11.11411