Cog-y Balance Test: Validity and Reliability for Fall Prediction in Community Dwelling Elders


  • Ankita Gosai1 , Dhruvkumar Dave2



Balance assessment, Aging, fall prevention, Cognitive- YBT.


Background: Years lived with disability (YLDs) by the end result of falls were 631 per 1 lakh population in
India in 2010 and it is raising till date. The avoidance of fall among older is perhaps one of the prime public
health question.
Objective: Aim of our study is to assess the concurrent validity, inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of
Cognitive-Y Balance Test (Cog-YBT).
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 29 male and 27 female participants (64.77± 4.66 years) were recruited
from the community area. Data collection for the Berg Balance scale (BBS), Cognitive Time Up and Go
(Cog-TUG) and Cog-YBT were done for all. Cog-YBT data were taken by two different Data collector
(Rater 1 and 2). Rater 1 have taken data for 2 time with adequate rest between two sessions.
Results: Statistically significant (p < 0.05), though weak to moderate correlations were found for Cog-YBT
to BBS and Cog-YBT to Cog-TUG comparison (spearman’s correlation coefficient = 0.35 to.0404). ICC
score for intra-rater and inter-rater reliability was excellent for Cog-YBT (ICC >0.9).
Conclusion: Though the reliability of cognitive Y Balance test is high in our context, the concurrent validity
of this test is not adequate to use it as fall predictor measure in community dwelling elder yet.

Author Biography

Ankita Gosai1 , Dhruvkumar Dave2

1Master of Physiotherapy Student (Fourth Semester), 2Associate Professor, Department of Community
Physiotherapy, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Charusat University, Gujarat, India



How to Cite

Ankita Gosai1 , Dhruvkumar Dave2. (2021). Cog-y Balance Test: Validity and Reliability for Fall Prediction in Community Dwelling Elders. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(1), 13-21.