A Cross Sectional Study on Tobacco usage among rural adult population of Davangere, South India
Keywords:Tobacco usage, smoking and chewable tobacco, bidis
Background: Usage of both smoking as well as smokeless form of tobacco has risen in both urban and
rural areas of Davangere estimating to a prevalence of 30.7% on average, with highest prevalence of 39.6%
among rural males.
Objective: To study the prevalence, pattern and socio-demographic factors influencing Tobacco usage
among adult population in rural field practice area of SSIMS&RC, Davangere
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July to September 2014 among adult population
aged 18 years and above selected systematically till an estimated sample size of 450 individuals was
obtained. Demographic data and details on tobacco usage were recorded using a pre-tested, semi-structured
questionnaire by interview method. Data entry and analysis was done using SPSS trial version 20.1. Chi
square (?2) test and Multiple Logistic regression analysis were applied to see the interaction of sociodemographic variables on tobacco usage.
Results: Among the study participants, 64.2% (n=289) used some form of tobacco. Men (53.3%, n=230)
used tobacco more than females (13.1%, n=59) (p<0.001). Among the tobacco users (n=289), majority of
men used smoking forms of tobacco (92.2%, n=212) like bidis (78.7%, n=181) and cigarettes (13.5%, n=31)
whereas majority of women used smokeless forms of tobacco (96.6%, n=57) like tobacco leaves (91.5%,
n=54) and gutka (5.1%, n= 3). Age group 20-35 years (OR= 1.2, p=0.01), male gender (OR= 4.4, p<0.001),
illiteracy (OR= 3.5, p<0.001), agricultural occupation (OR= 2.2, p<0.001), higher socio-economic status
(class II) (OR= 1.6, p=0.05) and family history of smoking (OR= 2.5, p<0.001) were the factors significantly
associated with tobacco usage.
Conclusion: Smoking form of tobacco especially bidis are widely used by young males in rural areas which
demand focus of anti-tobacco policies of India on bidis in anti-tobacco campaigns.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.