Assess the Awareness and Perception Regarding Birthing Process among Pregnant Women Residing in Tribal Areas of Bhandardara
Keywords:Awareness, Perception, Birthing process
Background: Pregnancy and child birth is one of the greatest event in the life of a woman which she
aspires and longs for with great expectation. She has fantasies about pregnancy and motherhood but when
confronted with reality, many of them doubt their ability to cope with this great event.
A woman generally has notion that child birth is unbearable pain. This is formed as a result of the tales heard
during adolescence or later in life. Child birth is a natural and universal phenomenon. Yet the knowledge
of it among average women is haphazard, incomplete or distorted. So, researcher felt the need to assess the
awareness and perception regarding birthing process among pregnant women.
Methods: Descriptive cross sectional research design was used with evaluative approach. Setting of the
study was in tribal areas of Bhandardara. Samples were all pregnant women those who were available during
study period. Sample size computed was total 100. Non probability convenient sampling technique was
used for the study. Data was collected with help of dichotomous questionnaire on awareness and through
interview their perception was assessed regarding birthing process.
Results: Percentage wise distribution of pregnant women according to their weeks of pregnancy in which
majority (48%) were in 13-28 weeks of gestation, (36%) of pregnant women were grand multigravida.
Majority (43%) of sample were of the age group of 19-21 years. The highest percentage (44%) of respondents
had secondary education. Majority (37%) of samples were farming .The highest percentage (57%) of sample
belonged to Hindu religion .The highest percentage (71%) of sample belonged to joint family The highest
percentage (44%) of sample had a family income of 3001-5,000 rupees .Area wise Distribution of mean ,SD
and mean percentage of awareness score regarding birthing process shows that overall mean knowledge
score was (21.41± 9.25) which is 42.82% of max score indicate that pregnant women had poor level of
awareness regarding birthing process. Pregnant women perceived that when there is an eclipse of the sun or
solar, birthing process is very difficult to manage.
Conclusion: Findings of the present study concluded that the pregnant women had average knowledge
regarding child birthing process. In this regard health personnel’s play a very important role as they have to
educate the women about birthing process and have a healthier pregnancy.
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