A Study on Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Medical and Nursing Students, HIMS, Sitapur
Keywords:CVDs, BMI, prediabetes, prehypertension
Introduction: CVDs are an emerging public health problem and responsible for about 25 per cent of the
DALYs lost due to NCDs in SEAR countries while this trend is rising in younger age group in developing
countries where more than three quarters of NCDs deaths occur. Objective: The objective of this study was
to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among medical and nursing students of HIMS Sitapur,
and their association in apparently healthy students. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out
in December 2019 among medical and nursing students of HIMS, Sitapur. A total of 820 students which
included 496 males and 324 females participated in the study. A Structured questionnaire for anthropometric
measurements, blood pressure and fasting blood sugar was recorded among students. Data collection was
compiled in MS Excel software and analysed in institutional SPSS version 22. Result: This study has been
observed the prevalence of overweight 192 (23.4%) and obesity17 (2%) as per WHO, waist circumference
210 (25.6%) and abnormal waist hip ratio 219 (26.7%), prediabetics 110 (13.4%) in fasting blood sugar and
prehypertensive 175 (21.3%) with none of the medical and nursing students either diabetic or hypertensive.
Conclusion: Health education and primary level interventions like reducing body weight, blood pressure
and blood glucose level have a beneficial impact on these biological CVDs risk factors.
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