Relationship between Coping styles and Conversion Disorder Phenomenology: A Study from Eastern India
Keywords:Conversion, problem-focussed coping, emotion focused coping, stressor.
Background: Conversion disorder is a Functional Neurological Disorder under DSM-5 classification which
arises mainly due to psychological conflicts and without any underlying clinical findings and/or biochemical
abnormalities .Studies in the past have attributed faulty coping styles for genesis and maintenance of
conversion disorder.Here we attempted to identify any socio-demographic variable and coping style that
may be associated with the patients of Conversion disorder.
Aim:To study the socio-demographic variables ,clinical presentation ,coping styles adopted in patients of
Methods: 51 patients of conversion disorder fulfilling the inclusion criteria of the study were evaluated for
socio-demographic variables, clinical features, coping styles using semi-structured pro forma.
Conclusion : Our population consisted of young adults(mean-30 yrs),mostly females(82%).Most of our
patients were married(69%), comprising of housewives or students.43 % of the population had a past history
of similar illness and a similar proportion had significant stressor provoking current episodes.
Predominant symptoms were unresponsiveness(39%) followed by SOB/palpitation(25%).The most used
coping strategy was religious coping(94%) followed by “venting of emotions”(75%).Education, and
Hinduism played minor protective roles while presence of stressor deployed both good and bad coping
strategies and thus identified as the most vulnerable group in need of treatment .
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