Effect of Flexibility Exercise on Symptom Distress of Cancer Patient Undergoing Chemotherapy

Authors

  • Christine Handayani Siburian1 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap2 , Ridha Dharmajaya3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i1.13858

Keywords:

Cancer patient, Flexibility exercise, Symptom distress

Abstract

Background: Cancer is a growing disease and a leading cause of death globally. Cancer can be treated
with chemotherapy treatment which causes side effects like symptom distress. Symptom distress can be
overcome by non-pharmacological, one of which is flexibility exercise.
Object: to identify effect of flexibility exercise on symptom distress in cancer patients undergoing
chemotherapy.
Methods: The study design used a quasi-experimental design with an equivalent control group. There were
40 respondents of cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy which were divided into two groups,
20 intervention, and 20 control groups. The sampling technique was consecutive sampling. The data were
collected by the Symptom Distress Scale. The data were analyzed by a paired t-test in the intervention group
before and after the intervention and control group.
Results: The results obtained were differences in symptoms distress in the intervention group after flexibility
exercise (t=13.24, p=0.00). The study was also analyzed by an independent t-test showing that there
were differences in symptoms distress between the intervention and the control group of cancer patients
undergoing chemotherapy (t=-2.42, p=0.02).
Conclusion: The flexibility exercise can be a non-pharmacological measure to help reduce symptoms of
cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy

Author Biography

Christine Handayani Siburian1 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap2 , Ridha Dharmajaya3

1
Master Student, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, 2 Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing,
Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, 3Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Published

2021-01-07

How to Cite

Christine Handayani Siburian1 , Ikhsanuddin A. Harahap2 , Ridha Dharmajaya3. (2021). Effect of Flexibility Exercise on Symptom Distress of Cancer Patient Undergoing Chemotherapy . Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(1), 251-259. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i1.13858