Assessment of Lifestyle and Its Relation with Diabetes Mellitus in A Selected Under Privileged Community in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Authors

  • Farhana Faruque Zerin1 , Nasrin Akter1 , A.K.M Shafiul Kadir2 , Nishad Shahidullah3 , Jahidul Bari4

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i1.13861

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Under Privileged Community, Lifestyle Factors

Abstract

Background: The effects of modernization of lifestyle have led to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of
diabetes globally with very high rates in developing nations, particularly in Asia and the Pacific. The study
was designed to show the link between lifestyle factors and having Diabetes Mellitus.
Methodology : A cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 205 slum dwellers in Dhaka city,
Bangladesh to assess lifestyle and its relation with diabetes mellitus. Respondents were interviewed by the
pretested questionnaire. Proportion was presented by frequency and cross tabulation analysis. Associotion
were analyzed by using Pearson’s chi-square (?2) test.
Result: A statistically significant association is found between family history and having DM (p=0.12),
where it is seen family history is a prominent risk factor of DM. Age group (p=0.00) and monthly family
income (p=0.00) has a greater influence on having diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, respondents aged 39 - 50
years had a higher prevalence of diabetes. It was also seen that the prevalence of diabetes was significantly
much higher among subjects of high-income families, while Physical activity (p=.002) and timely taking
meal (p=0.00) greatly affect the diabetic curve. Moreover, smokers and alcohol consumers were more likely
to develop diabetes mellitus in the community.
Conclusion:This study suggests that improving quality of life, dietary habit, health awareness through
public health promotional education, mass media campaigns and treatment strategies are urgently needed to
prevent the growing burden associated with diabetes.

Author Biography

Farhana Faruque Zerin1 , Nasrin Akter1 , A.K.M Shafiul Kadir2 , Nishad Shahidullah3 , Jahidul Bari4

1Research Fellow, Global Health Research Center (GHRC), Department of Public Health, Northern University
Bangladesh (NUB), 2
Lecturer, Department of Public Health, Northern University Bangladesh (NUB), Phone:
+8801675746599, 3
M.Phil. Fellow (IBSc, RU), 4
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, City
Dental College and Hospital,5
Resident surgeon, Hebei Medical University, China

Published

2021-01-07

How to Cite

Farhana Faruque Zerin1 , Nasrin Akter1 , A.K.M Shafiul Kadir2 , Nishad Shahidullah3 , Jahidul Bari4. (2021). Assessment of Lifestyle and Its Relation with Diabetes Mellitus in A Selected Under Privileged Community in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(1), 272-279. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i1.13861