Assessment of Lifestyle and Its Relation with Diabetes Mellitus in A Selected Under Privileged Community in Dhaka City, Bangladesh
Keywords:Diabetes Mellitus, Under Privileged Community, Lifestyle Factors
Background: The effects of modernization of lifestyle have led to a dramatic increase in the prevalence of
diabetes globally with very high rates in developing nations, particularly in Asia and the Pacific. The study
was designed to show the link between lifestyle factors and having Diabetes Mellitus.
Methodology : A cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 205 slum dwellers in Dhaka city,
Bangladesh to assess lifestyle and its relation with diabetes mellitus. Respondents were interviewed by the
pretested questionnaire. Proportion was presented by frequency and cross tabulation analysis. Associotion
were analyzed by using Pearson’s chi-square (?2) test.
Result: A statistically significant association is found between family history and having DM (p=0.12),
where it is seen family history is a prominent risk factor of DM. Age group (p=0.00) and monthly family
income (p=0.00) has a greater influence on having diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, respondents aged 39 - 50
years had a higher prevalence of diabetes. It was also seen that the prevalence of diabetes was significantly
much higher among subjects of high-income families, while Physical activity (p=.002) and timely taking
meal (p=0.00) greatly affect the diabetic curve. Moreover, smokers and alcohol consumers were more likely
to develop diabetes mellitus in the community.
Conclusion:This study suggests that improving quality of life, dietary habit, health awareness through
public health promotional education, mass media campaigns and treatment strategies are urgently needed to
prevent the growing burden associated with diabetes.
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