The Impact of Covid-19 on Migrant’s Workers Employment and Livelihood in India
Keywords:Labour Migration, Working Conditions, Remittances, Wages, Construction, Poverty, wellbeing
The pandemic (covid-19) has adversely affected the entire world especially in terms of economic shock,
labour market shock and health shock which has impacted both demand and supply. It has created an
unsuitable environment by creating severe challenges amongst important sectors mainly trade, hotels,
restaurant, tourism, hospitality and real estate. The worst affected are the micro small medium enterprises.
Across the globe, 2.7 billion i.e. 81% of the workforce are affected by covid-19. As per International
Labour Organization (ILO)93% of the world’s workers are experiencing workplace closure. The immediate
effect of covid-19 on the young population has led to multiple shocks like employment and income losses,
disruption in education and training etc. It has been more vulnerable to migrant workers who face constraint
in both work places as well as in return to their families. Workers in the unorganized sectors especially selfemployed, casual and dig workers are likely to disproportionately hit. A study by the Oxford Poverty and
Human Development Initiative (OPHI) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme
reports that more than 270 million people in India were lifted out of poverty from 2005-2016, the largest by
any country. But, unfortunately measured at International Poverty Line of $ 1.90 per day covid-19 will push
71 million population into extreme poverty as per World Bank Projection of covid-19.
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