Impact of Unrealistic Optimism on the Risk of Contamination During The Home Confinement of COVID-19 in Algeria
Keywords:unrealistic optimism, home confinement, Covid-19 pandemic, social variables, Algerian citizens
The study was conducted to investigate the impact of unrealistic optimism on the risk of contamination at
home confinement and its association with certain social variables.
Methods: An online questionnaire was sent to a sample of respondents. Participants (n = 558, 60.6% women
and 39.4 men) subjectively assessed the risk of their coronavirus infection in the period May 1 to 15, 2020.
Results: 69.2% of the participants confirmed their respect always, and 38.7% confirmed that they rarely wear
the mask, while 24% of the sample confirmed that they only sometimes wear the mask when they leave the
house, including 50.5% of the sample confirmed that people infected with the coronavirus suffer from social
stigmatization. 54.8% of the respondents had an average level of unrealistic optimism, where the mean of
participants was (36, 17 ± 5, 97). The study found an association between the levels of unrealistic optimism
and respect the home confinement (P = 0.001); whereas, the results showed that there is no association
between the levels of unrealistic optimism and wearing the mask (P = 0.183). The results did not show
any statistically significant differences in unrealistic optimism between groups of gender among Algerian
citizens during the home confinement (P = 0, 0835).
Conclusions: Unrealistic optimism is linked to avoiding risky behaviors that threaten human life as it is
the case with the COVID-19. It is important to reduce the levels of unrealistic optimism of individuals with
beliefs and objective information to avoid dangerous behavior during this pandemic.
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