Evaluation of Local Control in Buccinator Muscle Excision with the Skin Versus Buccinator Muscle Excision without the Skin in Buccal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Authors

  • Ahmed Yousef
  • Mohamed Ahmed Farid Shehab
  • Sherif Ali
  • Hosam Abd El-Kader El-Fol
  • Ahmed Mokhtar EL-Mardendly

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i2.14086

Keywords:

Buccal squamous cell carcinoma, buccinator muscle, local control

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to compare local control and maximum mouth opening in excision
the buccinator muscle with the skin versus excision the buccinator muscle without the skin.
Methodology: This study was conducted on 40 patients with buccal squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC)
without previous treatment, also T1 to T3 and N0 to N2 squamous cell carcinoma was involved in this study.
The patients were divided randomly in 2 groups, 20 patients for each group. All patients were assessed
for local recurrence for 1 year. Maximum mouth opening was measured preoperative and compared by
postoperative measuring.
Results: The local control was (100%) in the study group and (95%) in the control group, but There were no
statistically significant differences between the two interventions (P value 1). The maximum mouth opening
was decreased postoperatively than preoperatively and in study group than the control one,but there was no
statistically significance difference (P- value 0.22).
Conclusions: Excision the buccinator muscle with its associated skin seems to decrease the local recurrence
and seems to decrease the maximum mouth opening, but with no statistically significant differences between
the two interventions. Indicating the needs for further studies.

Author Biographies

Ahmed Yousef

Associate Lecturer, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt,

Mohamed Ahmed Farid Shehab

Associate Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt,

Sherif Ali

Associate Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt,

Hosam Abd El-Kader El-Fol

3Professor,
Surgical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Menofia University, Egypt,

Ahmed Mokhtar EL-Mardendly

Professor, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery,Faculty of dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt

Published

2021-03-01

How to Cite

Ahmed Yousef, Mohamed Ahmed Farid Shehab, Sherif Ali, Hosam Abd El-Kader El-Fol, & Ahmed Mokhtar EL-Mardendly. (2021). Evaluation of Local Control in Buccinator Muscle Excision with the Skin Versus Buccinator Muscle Excision without the Skin in Buccal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i2.14086