A Study of Serum Glucose in Birth Asphyxia
Keywords:Perinatal asphyxia,neonatal hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, apgarscore,foetal distress.
Introduction: Perinatal asphyxia is a common neonatal problem and contributes significantly to neonatal
morbidity and mortality. Glucose is an essential nutrient for the brain. Abnormally low level can cause
encephalopathy and have the potential to produce long-term neurological injury.
Material and Method: A prospective study done at saraswathi institute of medical sciences,hapur with 65
cases in comparison to 65 controls for evaluation of serum glucose in birth asphyxia.
Results: In our study we found that serum glucose level was found to be lower among cases as compared
to control population and the difference between the groups were statistically significant both at 48 and 72
hours. The cases had serum glucose levels lower than controls but there was significant difference between
the severity of birth asphyxia or with severity of HIE staging.
Conclusion: Perinatal asphyxia is an important cause of neonatal hypoglyemia, severity of all these
correlates with severity of asphyxia and HIE staging.
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