Opportunistic Screening for Prediabetes in a Tertiary Care Ophthalmic Eye Hospital
Keywords:Prediabetes, screening, HbA1c, Body Fat Mass.
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a well know public health issue. Prediabetes is a precursor to diabetes
mellitus and early detection of this state of impaired fasting glucose, with intervention can be reversed to a
state of normal glucose regulation. Healthy adults often visit eye hospitals for their eye care needs and aim
of this study is to assess opportunistic screening for prediabetes in ophthalmic OPD.
Method: Subjects from the age group of 25-45 years visiting an eye hospital or accompanying family
members were invited to participate in the study. Following informed consent, height, weight, was measured
using standard tests and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body Fat Mass (BFM) was assessed using
an Omron Body Fat device. HbA1c was performed and prevalence of prediabetes was calculated.
Results and Conclusions: 118 subjects enrolled in the study, 43 were known diabetics and 75 were normal
adults between the age of 25-45 years. Using HbA1c test, 41/75 were diagnosed to have prediabetes, which
is almost 54.66% of the entire normal study population.
Screening for prediabetes in ophthalmic outpatient areas could be repeated with a larger sample to substantiate
the opportunity to screen for prediabetes.
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