Determinants of Early Refractive Error on School-Going Children (10-12 Years) in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Authors

  • Tanjina Rahman
  • Sumaiya Chowdhury
  • Foyjunnaher Sultana
  • Mohammad Asadul Habib
  • Akibul Islam Chowdhury
  • Mohammad RahanurAlam
  • Tazul Islam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i2.14162

Keywords:

Refractive Error, Nutritional deficiency,School-going children.

Abstract

Background: Refractive Error is a common health issues among young school-aged children in Bangladesh.
Present study focused on determinants of refractive error among school-going children (class II-V) and the
associated factors.
Method: Data were collected from 200 school-going children and their parents in a cross-sectional study
using purposive sampling from Cambrian School, Dhaka city. A semi-structured questionnaire was
administered to collect socio-demographic, behavioral and clinical information related to prevalence of
refractive error at this age of children.
Results: Study revealed that, among 200 participants, 54.5% children had refractive error and the younger
a child is, the more there was possibility of having this issue. A positive association was found between
meal intake, duration of using computer games or watching television and genetic factor (parents’ wearing
spectacles) with the occurrence of having this error in children (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Findings of this study revealed, unhealthy life-styles and physical inactivity at this age may
lead to refractive error among school aged children and early detection with medical advice as well as lifestyle modification might play a significant role not only in improving children’s learning ability but also in
reducing the incidence of refractive error in this age group in Bangladesh.

Author Biographies

Tanjina Rahman

Assistant Professor

Sumaiya Chowdhury

Student, Department of Public Health, North South University, Bangladesh

Foyjunnaher Sultana

Student, Department of Public Health, North South University, Bangladesh

Mohammad Asadul Habib

Student,
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University,
Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh

Akibul Islam Chowdhury

Student,
Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University,
Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh

Mohammad RahanurAlam

Assistant Professor

Tazul Islam

Assistant Professor

Published

2021-03-01

How to Cite

Tanjina Rahman, Sumaiya Chowdhury, Foyjunnaher Sultana, Mohammad Asadul Habib, Akibul Islam Chowdhury, Mohammad RahanurAlam, & Tazul Islam. (2021). Determinants of Early Refractive Error on School-Going Children (10-12 Years) in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 12(2), 381-388. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v12i2.14162

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