The Effect of Family Income on Stunting Incident in Preschool Children at Bogor City During COVID-19 Pandemic
Keywords:COVID-19, Family income, Preschool children, Stunting.
Background: The global COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risk of malnutrition in young children,
including stunting,especially those under five years old. Stunting incident was often found in low income
families who were unable to afford nutritious food. During COVID-19 pandemic, certain types of food
might not be available and affordable for some families. The stunting incident could be increased due to
decline in family income, change in food availability and disruption to health and social services.
Objective: To determine the effect of family income during COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of
stunting in preschool children at PuspaBangsa Kindergarten, Bogor City.
Method: This type of research was analytical survey with cross sectional approach. The total sample was
35 families who had their children studied at PuspaBangsa Kindergarten. The instrument in this study
was filling out a questionnaire using Google Form on family income and weight of preschool children to
determine the incidence of stunting in preschool children.
Conclusion: 7 participants (20%) were found with family income less than the Regional Minimum Wage.
The results of univariate analysis for stunting incident variables were as followed: normal height category
23 (65.7%) and very short height category 4 (11.4%). The statistical analysis obtained p-value = 0.02, which
means there was significant relationship between family income and the incidence of stunting at Puspa
Bangsa Kindergarten, Bogor City.
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