A Study to Assess the Effect of Planned Teaching on Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Domestic Violence Against Women among Railway Employees Working in Central Railway, Mumbai, Maharashtra-India
Keywords:Planned Teaching Programme, Knowledge, Attitude, Domestic Violence and Railway Employee.
Background: Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socioeconomic, cultural, racial and class distinctions. It is wide spread, deeply ingrained and has serious impacts
on women’s health and well-being. However, some national violence studies show that up to 70 per cent of
women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime from an intimate partner. As is a
public health priority, public health personnel can play a vital role in addressing this issue. Thus, investigator
designed this study to assess the effect of planned teaching on knowledge and attitude regarding domestic
violence against women.
Methods: A Descriptive approached- Pre-Experimental one group pretest- posttest design study was
conducted among 100 employees working in central railway using non-probability purposive sampling
technique. A structured knowledge questionnaire and a 5-point Likert scale for attitude and a Teaching plan
was used to assess the knowledge and attitude among women.
Results: Study revealed that the majority (59 %) of the women had good knowledge regarding domestic
violence before planned teaching, 98 percent had very good knowledge during posttest. Majority (81%) of
the sample had positive attitude regarding domestic violence before planned teaching, where as 98 percent of
the participants showed highly positive attitude after planned teaching. There was poor co-relation between
knowledge and attitude of the central railway employees regarding domestic violence against women.
Conclusions: Domestic violence is growing issue worldwide and it is significantly associated with
knowledge and attitude towards domestic violence against women. Timely effective measures like planned
teaching on the knowledge and attitude regarding domestic violence against women are needed to prevent
the spread of this problem as it has revealed in study that both the knowledge and attitude scores were higher
after planned teaching indicating the effectiveness of planned teaching.