A Study to Assess Level of Anxiety and to Identify the Factors Contributing to Anxiety among Adolescents

Authors

  • Pawan k Sharma1, Rimple Sharma2, Pity Koul,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpn.v6i1.3820

Abstract

There are about 1.2 billion adolescents with the age group of 10-19 years, which comprises sixteen percent
of world’s population. Studies have shown that excessive stress during the teen years can have a negative
impact upon both physical and mental health later in life. Putting undue pressure on children for performance
in class leads to development of anxiety and granting autonomy was associated in decreasing anxietyamong
children.
Objectives:-i) to assess prevalence of anxiety among adolescents, ii) to analyze the level of anxiety among
adolescents and iii) to identify factors contributing to anxiety among adolescents.
Method:- A Quantitative Research Approach with Descriptive Exploratory Research Design was used to
conduct the study. The study was conducted in two phases. In phase I total enumeration sampling was used
to assess the prevalence and level of anxiety among 1447 study subjects using standardized tool i.e. State
Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). In phase II, study subjects who were having high to extremely high state
anxiety scores were selected by Purposive Sampling Technique to find out factors contributing to anxiety.
Results : Finding revealed that in phase I majority 51.14% study subjects had average state anxiety followed
by 20.73% with high state anxiety as measured by STAI. Regarding contributory factors the main factor
contributing to anxiety among study subjects included parental pressure for good academic performance
with a frequency 58.43% followed by frustration in life 40.98%.
Conclusion: The present study confirms the prevalence of anxiety among adolescents and highlights the
need for immediate attention towards strategies in reducing the magnitude of the problem. Their Parents
need to be counseled about avoiding to put extra pressure for academic performance on their adolescents.
Teachers can play a vital role in early identification of anxious adolescents and helping them in promotion
of their psychological functioning.

Author Biography

Pawan k Sharma1, Rimple Sharma2, Pity Koul,

Associate Professor, PGIMER-Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, 2
Lecturer, College of Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi,
3
Professor, SOHS, IGNOU, New Delhi

Published

2020-01-25