The Perceived Benefit and Perceived Barriers: Against the Family Behavior in Supporting the Adherence in Consuming Drugs on Patients with Paranoid Schizophrenia
Paranoid schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia that most occurs. The use of antipsychotic drugs is still
being the main choice for the treatment of schizophrenia. Non-adherence in consuming drug is a common
thing for patients, because the patients need to consume the drugs for a long time. The role of family is very
important for the patients’ treatment, but there are still many family behaviors which are less supportive
against the treatment of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. There are several factors related to family
behavior based on the Health Belief Model which are perceived benefits and perceived barriers.
This study was observational analytic with cross sectional approach. The samples were 182 people of
families who had a family member with paranoid schizophrenia who visited the Mental Hospital of Dr.
Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang, which selected by purposive sampling technique. Collecting data using
questionnaires. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate. Bivariate data analysis used chi square test.
The bivariate test results showed a significant correlation between perceived benefits and perceived barriers
by family behavior in supporting the adherence in consuming drug, with p-value and OR value respectively
(p=0.014, OR=2.096), (p=0.015, OR=0.481).
The conclusion of this study stated that the family behavior in supporting the adherence in consuming drug
could be improved with the perceived benefits and perceived barriers of family.