International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn <p>International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing is a double blind peer review international journal which has commenced its publication from January 2015. The journal is half yearly in frequency. The journal covers all aspects of psychiatric nursing . The journal has been assigned ISSN 2394-9465 (Print Version) and ISSN -2395-18OX (Online Version). The journal is indexed in many international <span class="">data bases</span> like Google <span class="">scholar ,</span><span class="">EBSCO ,</span> Pro Quest etc.The journal is open access. </p> <p>This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> en-US editor.ijpn@gmail.com (Mr.Jithin Thomas Parel) editor.ijpn@gmail.com (Kavita) Wed, 15 Jul 2020 10:11:31 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A study to Assess the Occurrence, Pattern and Impact of Bullying Behaviour and to Identify Preventive Strategies Adopted by the school Children to Curb bullying in a Selected School of Hyderabad http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3526 <p>Introduction : Bullying in schools is an issue that continues to receive attention from researchers, educators, parents, and students. Despite the common assumption that bullying is a normal part of childhood and encompasses minor teasing and harassment, researchers increasingly find that bullying is a problem that can be detrimental to students’ well-being. This report focuses not only on the prevalence of bullying, but also on those subsets of students who reported being the victims of direct, and indirect bullying, and both of them.<br>Objectives :<br>? To assess the impact of bullying behaviour among school children in a selected school<br>? To identify the preventive strategies used by the school children to curb bullying in selected school<br>Methodology : A Quantitative research approach was adopted for the present study .Research design selected for the present study was non experimental descriptive research design. A structured questionnaire consisted of Part A with seven demographic variables and Part B comprising of 21 questions on impact of bullying on a 3 point likert scale,also separate section on patterns was also studied. A structured checklist was used to collect the data.The sample size was 100 and sampling technique was purposive sampling.<br>Results: The findings revealed that that 55% of children were having mildly impacted by bullying, 18%of children were having moderate impact on bullying, 5%children were having severe impact on bullying and 22% of children had no impact on bullying. It was reported by maximum school children that is 27 to be bullied in washrooms. Regarding the time of bullying, it was observed relational bullying to be predominant affecting .In terms of prevention strategies adoption, majority of the children that is 65% adopted a neutral approach towards bullying prevention. The researcher in future would devise a protocol to curb bullying in schools and to develop assertive attitude towards bullying.<br>Conclusion: Bullying is an unwanted , aggressive behaviour among school children that involves real or perceived power imbalance .It can be performed in various ways based on the child background .The bullying activity will lead to some impacts on the victims and can make them mentally weak later on .</p> Bilby KC1, Anumol Joseph2, Sr Mary Rappai3 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3526 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Assess the Effectiveness of Bibliotherapy on Exam Anxiety Reduction amongB.Sc. Nursing Students http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3758 <p>Background: Bibliotherapy is the best and effective way of managing exam anxiety because it allows the<br>reader to assess with a character and realize that he or she is not the only person with a particular problem. As the<br>character works through a problem, the reader is emotionally involved in the issue and primarily achieves insight<br>of his or her own situation. It allows interaction among the participants who share common needs or interests.<br>Objectives: To assess the pre test level of exam anxiety among first year Nursing students. To assess the effectiveness<br>of bibliotherapy on exam anxiety among first year nursing students. To associate the pre-test level of exam anxiety<br>with selected demographic variables among first year Nursing students.Methodology: A pre-experimental study with<br>one group pre test- post test design was used in this study. The population of the study, 30first year nursing students<br>with exam anxiety was selected by purposive sampling. To assess the level of exam with Sarason‘s exam Anxiety<br>Scale. After assessing the level of exam anxiety administered bibliotherapy for 15 days followed that post-test after<br>7 days.Results: The mean pre-test level of exam anxiety was 18.37±3 and the post-test level of test anxiety was<br>8.33±3 The effectiveness of bibliotherapy was tested in terms of reduction in exam anxiety in post-test at 0.05 level<br>of significance. The mean pre-test and post-test level of test anxiety was analysed and the findings were significant<br>at 0.05 level. The associations of pre-test level of test anxiety were found to be significant with age, family income<br>and residential area at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: This study has shown that bibliotherapy plays a major<br>role in reducing the level of exam anxiety among the first year nursing students. It would help the students to acquire<br>better coping solutions in order to face a future carrier examinations. Keywords: Effectiveness; Bibliotherapy; exam<br>anxiety; Nursing students</p> Jenifer.j Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3758 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Investigating of the Relationship among Identity Styles and Attachment Styles in Online Addictions http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3804 <p>Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the predictive role of attachment styles and identity styles<br>in technological addictions between students of Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Iran.<br>Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional and descriptive-correlational study conducted by survey<br>method. 200 students were selected by random sampling were studied.<br>Results: among the three Internet addicts surveyed, mobile virtual internet networks had the highest average<br>and standard deviation (23.25 ± 62.31). Findings also show that among the identity styles and attachment<br>styles, the informational style (7.42 ± 7.38) and the avoidance style (0.66 ± 1.22) have a mean and standard<br>deviation higher than the other style They were.<br>Conclusions: The results confirmed the predictive role of attachment and identity styles in Internet addiction.</p> Mahmoud Sepahvand1 , Mitra Goodarzi2 , Neda Ghasemi3 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3804 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Is there any Burden or Impaired Quality of Life of Caregivers of Patients with HIV/AIDS? http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3809 <p>Introduction: HIV has become a chronic illness like Diabetes and Chronic Kidney disease. Chronic diseases<br>not only affect the lives of those suffering from the illness but also affect the lives of family members who<br>take care for them.<br>Objectives:<br>(iv) To assess burden of caregivers of patients with HIV/AIDS<br>(v) To assess quality of life of caregivers of patients with HIV/AIDS<br>(vi) To associate burden with quality of life of caregivers<br>Methodology: A sample of 100 caregivers was selected using convenient sampling method. Research<br>variables under study were burden and quality of life of caregiver. The tool used for data collection<br>consisted of semi-structured questionnaire for socio-demographic characteristics of patient and caregiver<br>and standardized tools namely, Zarit Burden Interview and WHO Quality of Life – BREF scale.<br>Results: Majority (35%) of the caregivers reported to have mild to moderate burden. The mean burden score<br>was 37.37+14.61SD. In quality of life, social domain showed a maximum score of 61.08+15.41SD and<br>psychological domain a minimum score of 55.39+14.21SD.<br>There was significant strong negative correlation between mean burden score and the scores of four domains<br>of quality of life. The result indicated that the caregivers who reported higher degree of burden had reduced<br>quality of life.<br>Conclusion: The study revealed that there is significant strong negative correlation between burden and<br>quality of life of the caregivers. Care giving role can be enhanced through formal education programme on<br>HIV/AIDS care giving and home service</p> Maj Ginu P Abraham1 , Brig Punita A Sharma2 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3809 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Self-Directed Learning Readiness among Nursing Students: A Cross Sectional Study http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3810 <p>Learning brings about changes in the way we act, think and feel. The changes in method in learning,<br>changes the quality of learning. It may be positive or negative, as in how we adopt it. A descriptive study<br>was conducted on readiness towards self-directed learning among nursing students, in Sree Gokulam<br>Nursing College, Venjaramoodu with the objectives; to assess the readiness towards self-directed learning<br>among nursing students, to compare SDLR score across various streams in nursing and to determine the<br>association between readiness towards self-directed learning and selected socio demographic variables. The<br>study used a quantitative approach and was conducted among 200 subjects recruited by total enumeration<br>sampling technique. Data was collected using a socio demographic proforma and Fisher’s self-directed<br>learning readiness scale with reliability of 0.8, after concerning the ethical considerations. The results<br>show that majority (72.5%) had high SDLR score and 55(27.5) had low SDLR score, there was significant<br>association between readiness towards self-directed learning and previous exposure to self-directed learning<br>enhancement program (p=0.010).</p> Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3810 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Investigating of the Relationship among Identity Styles and Attachment Styles in Online Addictions http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3813 <p>Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the predictive role of attachment styles and identity styles<br>in technological addictions between students of Islamic Azad University, Borujerd Branch, Iran.<br>Method: The present study is a cross-sectional and descriptive-correlational study conducted by survey<br>method. 200 students were selected by random sampling were studied.<br>Results: among the three Internet addicts surveyed, mobile virtual internet networks had the highest average<br>and standard deviation (23.25 ± 62.31). Findings also show that among the identity styles and attachment<br>styles, the informational style (7.42 ± 7.38) and the avoidance style (0.66 ± 1.22) have a mean and standard<br>deviation higher than the other style They were.<br>Conclusions: The results confirmed the predictive role of attachment and identity styles in Internet addiction.</p> Neda Ghasemi1 , Mitra Goodarzi2 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3813 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Level of Stigma Towards Mental Illness among the Caregivers of Clients With Mental Illness and Other Chronic Medical Illness http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3815 <p>Background: Mental illness is considered to be associated with high level of stigma. The stigmatizing<br>experience is not only limited to the patients but is also experienced by their close relatives. Due to the stigma,<br>people often avoid the use of mental health services because of the fear of being labeled as a “mentally ill<br>patient” and thus avoid the negative consequences connected with the stigma of mental illness.<br>Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the level of stigma towards mental illness between the caregivers<br>of clients with mental illness and other chronic illness.<br>Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted that included 200 subjects of<br>which 100 from group I (caregivers of clients with mental illness) and 100 from group II (caregivers of<br>clients with other chronic illness). Convenient sampling method was used. Fear and Behavioural Intention<br>scale was used to assess the level of stigma.<br>Results: Group I had positive attitude towards mental illness with the mean score of 37.21±7.13 whereas<br>Group II had less positive attitude towards mental illness with the mean score of 27.48±7.98.<br>Conclusion: The study results indicate that caregivers who have their family member under treatment for<br>mental illness were more likely to have behaviourally favourable attitude towards mental illness when<br>comparing with the caregivers who do not have a family member with mental illness. Educating the public<br>on mental illness may reduce the stigma associated with mental illness.</p> Padmavathi Nagarajan1 , Shivanand K2 , Parthibane S3 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3815 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Missing Tile Syndrome http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3816 <p>When you are sitting in nice ambiance hotel, &amp; you find that the tile in the corner of a wall is missing, u<br>continuously start observing the same tile &amp; think about the same instead of enjoying the great ambience.<br>When a lady hoping for a baby, trying to conceive but unable to do so, sees all pregnant ladies everywhere<br>she goes &amp; thinks about the missing baby in her life. If you see one of your friends achieving a higher<br>position in his professional life, instead of trying hard for the same you may think &amp; become sad about your<br>present condition. All these situations depict the missing tile or tiles in your life.</p> Pallavi R Mangrule Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3816 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Study to Assess Level of Anxiety and to Identify the Factors Contributing to Anxiety among Adolescents http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3820 <p>There are about 1.2 billion adolescents with the age group of 10-19 years, which comprises sixteen percent<br>of world’s population. Studies have shown that excessive stress during the teen years can have a negative<br>impact upon both physical and mental health later in life. Putting undue pressure on children for performance<br>in class leads to development of anxiety and granting autonomy was associated in decreasing anxietyamong<br>children.<br>Objectives:-i) to assess prevalence of anxiety among adolescents, ii) to analyze the level of anxiety among<br>adolescents and iii) to identify factors contributing to anxiety among adolescents.<br>Method:- A Quantitative Research Approach with Descriptive Exploratory Research Design was used to<br>conduct the study. The study was conducted in two phases. In phase I total enumeration sampling was used<br>to assess the prevalence and level of anxiety among 1447 study subjects using standardized tool i.e. State<br>Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). In phase II, study subjects who were having high to extremely high state<br>anxiety scores were selected by Purposive Sampling Technique to find out factors contributing to anxiety.<br>Results : Finding revealed that in phase I majority 51.14% study subjects had average state anxiety followed<br>by 20.73% with high state anxiety as measured by STAI. Regarding contributory factors the main factor<br>contributing to anxiety among study subjects included parental pressure for good academic performance<br>with a frequency 58.43% followed by frustration in life 40.98%.<br>Conclusion: The present study confirms the prevalence of anxiety among adolescents and highlights the<br>need for immediate attention towards strategies in reducing the magnitude of the problem. Their Parents<br>need to be counseled about avoiding to put extra pressure for academic performance on their adolescents.<br>Teachers can play a vital role in early identification of anxious adolescents and helping them in promotion<br>of their psychological functioning.</p> Pawan k Sharma1, Rimple Sharma2, Pity Koul, Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3820 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Self-Medication Practices among Health Care Workers at Tertiary Hospital at Puducherry http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3822 <p>The purpose of the study was to assess the self- medication practices among healthcare workers in south<br>India famous hospital JIPMER, Puducherry. Study had the aim to assess the self- medication practices<br>among health care workers , to know the common drugs used for self –medication and potential reasons<br>contributing to self-medication practices among health care workers<br>The population included all staff nurses, pharmacists, radiology technicians, anaesthetists, laboratory<br>technicians, health assistants and social workers who are working at different units of JIPMER Hospital,<br>Puducherry. Proportionate sampling technique was used to select the sample for the present study. Sample<br>consists of 296 health care workers in JIPMER hospital Puducherry. After getting permission from Nursing<br>Research Monitoring Committee (NRMC) and Institute Ethical Committee (IEC), the healthcare workers of<br>JIPMER were contacted to collect data. They were approached after the working hours, explanation about<br>the study has been given to the healthcare workers and written informed consent has been obtained from<br>them. Structured self-report questionnaire has been used to collect data. Each participant approximately took<br>30 minutes to answer the questionnaire. The findings of the study revealed that 88% of healthcare workers<br>practicing self-medication and 12% were not practicing any form of self-medication. Majority of participant<br>took medications like analgesics 246 (34.7) antipyretic 146 (20.3) antibiotic 78(10.8) antacid 66 (9.7).</p> Rajendran Rangasamy Kavitha Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3822 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Perceived Benefit and Perceived Barriers: Against the Family Behavior in Supporting the Adherence in Consuming Drugs on Patients with Paranoid Schizophrenia http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3824 <p>Paranoid schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia that most occurs. The use of antipsychotic drugs is still<br>being the main choice for the treatment of schizophrenia. Non-adherence in consuming drug is a common<br>thing for patients, because the patients need to consume the drugs for a long time. The role of family is very<br>important for the patients’ treatment, but there are still many family behaviors which are less supportive<br>against the treatment of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. There are several factors related to family<br>behavior based on the Health Belief Model which are perceived benefits and perceived barriers.<br>This study was observational analytic with cross sectional approach. The samples were 182 people of<br>families who had a family member with paranoid schizophrenia who visited the Mental Hospital of Dr.<br>Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang, which selected by purposive sampling technique. Collecting data using<br>questionnaires. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate. Bivariate data analysis used chi square test.<br>The bivariate test results showed a significant correlation between perceived benefits and perceived barriers<br>by family behavior in supporting the adherence in consuming drug, with p-value and OR value respectively<br>(p=0.014, OR=2.096), (p=0.015, OR=0.481).<br>The conclusion of this study stated that the family behavior in supporting the adherence in consuming drug<br>could be improved with the perceived benefits and perceived barriers of family.</p> Siti Roslinda Rohman1 , Noorhamdani2 , Lilik Supriati3 Copyright (c) 2020 http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijpn/article/view/3824 Sat, 25 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000