Association of Hand Performance with Neck Disability in Text Neck Syndrome among College Students
Keywords:Neck Disability Index, Jebsen Taylor hand function, text neck syndrome, smart phone
Objective – To study the association between neck pain, neck disability and hand performance in text neck
syndrome among college students
Methodology – A correlation study was done on 60 college students. Subjects having history of shoulder or
neck pathology, musculoskeletal disease or anomaly, history of surgery of spine, history of surgery of neck
or shoulder, recent surgery, chronic medical illness were excluded. Detailed assessment form was filled by
the subjects regarding name, age, dominant hand, duration of hours spent on mobile phone, visual analog
scale, etc. along with Neck disability index. Later, their hand performance was checked using Jebsen Taylor
Hand Function test for both non dominant and dominant hand.
Result - The data was not normally distributed so Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to assess the
correlation between neck disability index and hand function test. Results were found to be statistically
significant at 5% level. “r” value was calculated between NDI and all the seven tasks of JTHFT for both Non
dominant and dominant hand’s function separately. With regard to hand dominance, this study revealed that
whole population wrote faster with dominant hand as compared to non dominant hand.
Conclusion - This study provides evidence that hand dominance has an important role as it can affect hand
functioning. Especially high-level fine dexterity activities can be altered with prolonged texting.