Effectiveness of Exercise with Balloon for Low Back Pain in Young Adults: A quasi experimental study
Keywords:Balloon exercises, breathing exercises, low back pain.
Background: Low back pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder which may be acute, sub acute and
chronic in nature. Low back pain is expressed in 42% in adults. Low back pain occurrence is at an early age
and can cause disease progression. Low back pain is due to suboptimal breathing patterns and impairments
of posture and trunk stability. Many muscles used for the postural control and respiration are same that
is diaphragm, transverses abdominis and muscles comprising the pelvic floor. The diaphragm is the key
muscle for the respiratory pump with attachment from the lower six ribs, xiphoid process of sternum and
the vertebral column. Diaphragm performs both postural and breathing function. Disruption in one function
could negatively affect the other.
Objectives: 1.To find the Effectiveness of 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon exercises and Interferential
therapy for pain and disability in low back pain among young adults.
2. To find the Effectiveness of Interferential therapy for disability and pain in low back pain among young
3. To compare the effectiveness of 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon exercise and Interferential therapy
together and Interferential therapy alone for pain and disability in back pain among young adults.
Study Design: A quasi experimental study
Methods: 18 adults who had mechanical low back pain were included in the study. Participants were
divided into 2 groups .Group A received 90/90 bridging with ball and balloon and interferential therapy and
Group B received interferential therapy alone. Exercises were given twice a day for 3 days for 4 weeks. Pre
and post exercise evaluation is taken by using numerical pain rating scale and Modified Oswestry disability
index scale Questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent T test and paired T test.
Result: In both the group there was improvement but there is a significant difference in 90/90 bridge with
ball and balloon exercise and interferential therapy than the IFT alone among the young adults with low
Conclusion: This study concludes that there is greater effect of 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon exercise
on patients with mechanical low back pain.