Stem Cell Therapy& Its Application in Neurological Conditions A Review

Authors

  • Omeshree Nagrale1 , Mohammed Shoaib C2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v14i4.11311

Keywords:

Stem Cell, Neurological Conditions, Autism, Cerebral palsy, Muscular dystrophy, Spinal cord injury, Stroke

Abstract

Stem cells have the ability to build every type of tissues in the human body; hence they have great potential
for future therapeutic uses in tissue regeneration and repair. In order for these cells to fall under the definition
of “stem cells”, they must display two essential characteristics. First, stem cells must have the ability of
unlimited self-renewal to produce progeny exactly the same as the originating cells. Second, stem cells
must have the ability to differentiate into a specialized adult cell type. Stem cells with their unique and
facile potentialities, offer building blocks for organ development and tissue repair. Regenerative therapy or
Stem cell therapy is aimed at ‘reviving’ existing malfunctioning cells, repopulating the organ by new cells
from exogenous or endogenous sources, altering the extra-cellular matrix, or increasing blood supply by
enhancing vasculogenesis. This review summarizes the current concepts in stem cell biology its application
in neurological conditions and important advancements, limitations with respect to their prospective use in
regeneration therapies in various human diseases.

Author Biography

Omeshree Nagrale1 , Mohammed Shoaib C2

Assistant Professor1
, Department of Community Physiotherapy, MGM School of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai,
India. BPT Student2 R V College of Physiotherapy Bangalore, India

Published

2020-10-16