Scapular and Pelvic PNF Pattern for Female Physical Education Students with Low Back Pain


  • Pooja Saxena1 , Senthilkumar Thiyagarajan2



PNF, Physical education, NPRS, ODI, MMST, Lumber stabilization


Background: - Physical education students are at greater risk of low back pain due to physical activity that
put a lot of stress on the lumbar spine, such as gymnastics, wrestling, rowing, diving, and football. PNF
training is one of the interventions that are less investigated in the management of LBP.
Purpose: - The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercises using proprioceptive neuromuscular
facilitation (PNF) scapular and pelvic patterns might decrease the pain index and increase the lumbar
flexibility of female physical education students with low back pain.
Subjects & Methods: - A total of 40 female undergraduates with low back pain who meets the inclusion and
exclusion criteria are recruited for the study.
Methodology: - 20 were allotted to Experimental group who received scapular and pelvic pattern of PNF
along with conventional strengthening exercises and another 20 was allotted to Control group who received
conventional strengthening exercises alone.
Outcome Measures: - Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Modified-Modified Schober Scale (MMST)
and Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (ODI).
Results: - results showed that both the groups improved almost equally in lumbar flexion and extension
ranges but the improvement was considerably significant on NPRS and Modified Oswestry Disability Index
was found to be significantly effective in experimental group which was p<0.001.
Conclusion: - This study showed that PNF can be used to improve pain index rating and lumbar flexibility.
The findings indicate that the experimental group experienced greater improvement than the control group
by participating in the PNF lumbar stabilization

Author Biography

Pooja Saxena1 , Senthilkumar Thiyagarajan2

Post Graduate Student, 2
Professor; Department of Musculoskeletal and Sports, Physiotherapy, The Oxford
College of Physiotherapy, Bangalore