Comparative Study of History Causes and Risk of Fall among Elderly People and People with Parkinson’s Disease
Keywords:Fall risk, Parkinson’s disease, causes of fall, comparison of fall history
Objective: This cross-sectional survey research compares history, causes, and risk of fall among normal
ambulatory individuals and Parkinson’s disease patients aged above 50 years during the last one year.
Materials and Method: This survey includes 100 participants, which were equally distributed into two
groups. Both groups were interviewed during this research study. Non-probability, purposive sampling was
used for data collection.
Results: The findings of this study show that extrinsic risk factors are the major cause of fall found in
the normal ambulatory group and intrinsic factors are major causes of fall in Parkinson’s disease group.
Individuals of both groups reported the loss of balance and muscle weakness as their major cause of fall.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the causes of fall for both the groups were different which depends
upon individuals lifestyle, presence of any disease or pathology and individuals self cares attitude while
performing daily life’s activities. External factors may greatly affect the risk of fall. So, there is a need to
promote programs on preventable measures of fall to minimize the risk factors of fall.