Effects of 90/90 Bridge with Ball and Balloon Exercise on Lung Volumes and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Keywords:Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diaphragm dysfunction, lung volumes, quality of life, bridge exercise, balloon.
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the 4th leading cause of death in the world and it
is estimated to be the 3rd leading cause of death by 2020. Diaphragmatic dysfunction is one of the major
clinical finding in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients which alters the respiratory function and
quality of life. Therefore, the objective is to investigate the impact of 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon
exercise on lung volumes and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Method: A total 38 patients were taken, 30 of them met criteria and were divided into two groups using
randomized sampling technique, 15 in experimental group i.e., 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon exercise
and 15 in control group i.e., diaphragmatic breathing. There was a single dropout in experimental group. The
intervention given for 6 weeks, 5 days in a week, one session for a day i.e., 30 minutes. Both outcomes i.e.,
Forced expiratory volume in 1second and St. George Respiratory Questionnaire values were taken before
and after intervention in this study.
Results: The findings suggest that both experimental and control group showed statistically significant
improvement in both outcome measures. Statistically experimental group showed more significant than
Conclusion: The study showed that 90/90 bridge with ball and balloon exercise is effective in improving
the lung volumes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which leads to improvement in
quality of life.
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