Effect of Pilates Vs.yoga on Balance, Cognition and Core Strength in Elderly
Keywords:Pilates, Yoga, Cognition, Balance, Core strength, Elderly
Background: In older people, falls have become a major health issue. People aged 65and above are more
prone for most frequent accidents which can lead to injury related hospitalisation. Elderly people have many
serious health issues and they have several disorders affecting their body at the same time. Pilates is kind of
exercise that uses a combination of muscle that increases power, stretches muscle and also concentrate on
breathing to develop strength of the trunk muscles and restore muscle balance for physical fitness. Yoga is
the active engagement between the mind and body. Yoga focuses specifically on what is exactly happening is
the body and where the body is actually moving in space which increases both awareness and proprioception.
Objective: To study the effect of Pilates on balance, cognition and core strength. To study the effect of Yoga
on balance, cognition and core strength. To compare the effect of Pilates Vs. Yoga on balance, cognition and
core strength in elderly. Method: There were two groups Pilates and Yoga. 30 subjects were sequentially
divided in both groups. The treatment was given for 3 days a week for 4 weeks. The outcome measures were
taken at the beginning and at the end of 4th week. Result: The Pilates group is having statistically significant
improvement in balance .The Yoga group is having statistically significant improvement in cognition. The
core strength is clinically significant in Pilates group. Conclusion: This study concluded that Pilates and
Yoga both are equally effective in improving cognition, balance and core strength at the end of 4 weeks
protocol, yoga group showed marked increase in cognition whereas Pilates group showed marked increase
in balance and core strength.
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