A Comparative Study of Impact of Education on Occupational Performance and Quality of Life in Professional Science Courses
Keywords:OPHI-II, Occupational Performance, Quality of Life, Education stream
Background: Education has become one of the clearest indicators of life outcomes such as employment,
income and social status, and is a strong predictor of attitudes and well-being. The top most among professional
oriented courses are Medicine and Engineering. Medical Education is perceived as being stressful, and a
high level of stress is caused by strenuous medical programs, which may have physical and psychological
effects on the well-being of medical students. Engineering students take half-yearly examinations, as
compared to the annual examinations taken by medical students which leads to a higher prevalence of stress
among engineering students.The aim is to compare and study the Impact of Education on Occupational
Performance and Quality of Life in Medical students and Other Science Professional Course (Engineering).
Method:135 individuals (70= medical field & 65= engineering field) were screened from different colleges
of Nagpur city. A convenient sample of 100 students (male & female) from different colleges were divided
into 2 groups of 50 each - Group A: Medical stream and Group B: Engineering stream. The subjects were
asked to fill up the OPHI-II and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire.
Results: On the OPHI-II scale, the engineering students have better occupational identity and occupational
settings as compared to the medical students whereas the occupational competence showed no significant
difference in both the fields. On the WHO Quality of life-BREF scale, the physical health and psychological
domains shows no significant difference in both the fields; whereas the social relationship and environment
domains show significant difference in both the fields.
Conclusion: There is an impact of education on the Occupational Performance and on Quality of Life in
students of both the fields. On the OPHI-II scale, engineering students have better occupational identity and
occupational settings in comparison to the medical students. On the WHOQOL-BREF scale, engineering
students have better quality of life in social relationships and environmental domain in comparison to the
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