Comparative Study on Effect of Insulin and Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs on Quality of Life among Type 2 Diabetics Using Modified Diabetes Quality of Life Questionnaire (MDQOL-17)
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Modified Diabetes Quality of Life questionnaire.
Diabetes mellitus is defined as a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia, due to
defective insulin secretion, action or both. Type 2 diabetics can be treated by using oral hypoglycemic
drugs or insulin or both. Type 2 diabetics who do not respond to the treatment of oral hypoglycemic drugs
or maybe insulin resistant over a period of time require supplemental insulin for adequate glycemic control.
The reality is that diabetes influences patient’s lives. The mere presence of diabetes deteriorates a person’s
quality of life. When diabetes co exists with other chronic illnesses, the effect is even worse. Aim and
Objective of the Study - To compare quality of life in diabetics on insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs.
The objectives being assessing and comparing quality of life in Diabetics on insulin and oral hypoglycemic
drugs using MDQol-17 on the components like Physical functioning, Role limitations due to physical health,
Role limitations due to emotional health, Energy fatigue, Emotional well-being, Social functioning, and
General health. Study design and methodology -Total of 124 subjects were included in the study. Of this,
62 were on insulin (Group A) and 62 were on oral hypoglycemic drugs (Group B).Outcome measure used
was Modified Diabetes Quality of life questionnaire-17. Results and analysis - The data was collected and
analyzed using statistical test – Unpaired t test for the comparison between two independent groups. The
QOL score for insulin and OHD group was 60.96(±1.8) and 71.32(±1.5) respectively which was significant.
With the p=<0.05. The difference in the domains of Role limitations due to physical health, role limitations
due to emotional health, social functioning and general health was statistically significant on comparing
between the two groups. Conclusion - There is significant difference in the Quality of life of Diabetic
patients who are on insulin and those on oral hypoglycemic drugs.