Effect of VMO Strengthening Versus Patellar Taping in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome- A Comparative Study

Authors

  • Palak Ramanlal Mistry1 , Yagna Unmesh Shukla2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijpot.v14i3.9686

Keywords:

Patellofemoral pain syndrome, Vastus Medialis obliqus strengthening, Patellar taping, Visual analogue scale, Kujala patelofemoral scale.

Abstract

Background: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) which is often used interchangeably with “anterior

knee pain” or “runner’s knee” is the clinical entity of stiffness or pain or both on prolonged sitting with

the knees flexed and pain with activities that load the patellofemoral joint, such as climbing or descending

stairs, squatting, running and kneeling. Varieties of conservative treatments are suggested like quadriceps

strengthening, stretching, braces and straps, electrotherapy, foot orthosis, patellar taping etc. Hence,

comparison between the two techniques vastus medialis obliqus muscle strengthening and patellar taping

were undertaken to determine their effectiveness with respect to pain and function.

Materials and Method: After taking informed and written consent, 30 subjects diagnosed with unilateral or

bilateral PFPS were randomly selected and allocated into two groups - Group A (VMO muscle strengthening

and conventional physiotherapy treatment) and Group B (Patellar taping and conventional physiotherapy

treatment). Both groups received five treatment sessions per week for 6 weeks. Pre and post pain and

function were measured by visual analogue scale (VAS) and kujala patellofemoral scale (KPS) respectively.

Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann Whitney ‘U’ Test were used for statistical analysis.

Findings: There was significant improvement in pain and function in patients with Patellofemoral pain

syndrome at the end of 6 weeks in terms of VAS and KPS within both groups (p<0.05). But there was no

significant difference regarding improvement in pain and functional status in patients with Patellofemoral

pain syndrome at the end of 6 weeks in terms of VAS and KPS between groups.

Conclusion: The effect of conventional physiotherapy treatment along with VMO muscle strengthening

is similar to the conventional physiotherapy treatment along with patellar taping in improving pain and

functional level in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome at the end of 6 weeks.

Author Biography

Palak Ramanlal Mistry1 , Yagna Unmesh Shukla2

1 MPT(Musculoskeletal), Government Physiotherapy College, Ahmedabad , Gujarat, 2 Senior Lecturer, Government Physiotherapy College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Published

2020-07-22