Effectiveness of Home - based Physiotherapy on Berg Balance Scale Scores in Parkinson’s Disease in India: An Observational Study
Keywords:Parkinson’s Disease, Berg Balance Scale, Home-Based Physiotherapy.
Background: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease which leads to postural
and gait disorders, limitation in mobility, activities of daily living and disability. Although a number of
studies have shown that supervised exercise programs have short-term beneficial effects, there are few
studies addressing the effectiveness of home-based physiotherapy. Therefore, this study was done to analyze
the effects of home-based physiotherapy on balance in participants with Parkinson’s disease.
Material and Method: From January 2018 to December 2018, 44 participants who were recipients of
HealthCare at Home physiotherapy (HCAH) services across various locations were included in the main
analysis. The age ranges from 63 years to 87 years (mean age 75.18 years), average treatment cycle
duration was 74.2 days. Physiotherapy was performed for approximately 45-60 min aiming to improve
general mobility, static and dynamic balance. Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were taken as an outcome and were
Findings: Statistically significant improvement was seen in Berg Balance score (BBS) with mean difference
Conclusion: The results of the study shows that home- based physiotherapy interventions like stretching
exercises, active assisted, active exercises, strengthening exercises, balance and gait training. were found to
have a positive effect on Berg balance scores among patients with PD.