Correlation of Cognition and Fall Risk in Elderly
Keywords:cognition, fall risk, elderly, ageing
Introduction: Cognition declines with age which is one of the key factor of fall risk. Falls in advanced
age have serious impact on physical, mental, and socioeconomic consequences. As age increases there is
affection of executive function, attention, problem solving, concentration and memory.
Aims: The purpose of this present study is to investigate the correlation of cognition and fall risk in elderly.
Method: It was correlational, cross sectional study carried out for a period of 6 months on 60 elderly.
Cognitive status assed using by Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scale and fall risk assessment done
by using Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale.
Results: Total numbers of participants were 60. After adjusting age and gender they from a linear regression it
shows that one unit increase in MoCA there is increase in FAB value by 0.28 and vice versa. 95% confidence
interval is 0.12 _ 0.43, p value < 0.01. Result shows positive correlation between FAB and MoCA (r = 0.498,
Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between, MoCA (cognition) and FAB (fall risk) thus as cognition
declines, the fall risk in elderly increases.