Clinical Profile of Amblyopia in Young Adults
Keywords:MYOPICS: (M),HYPERMETROPICS: (H), Visual acuity: (VA)
Aim: To study clinical profile of amblyopic patients in relation to refractive status, socio economic status,
use of glasses and social impact on society.
Results: Myopes improving with spectacles are 45% and mixed astigmatism 69%. Most common age group
for detection of amblyopia in young adults is 21-30 years(47.1%) with predominance of female(55.7%)
belonging from middle class families (81.4%) having studied mostly from Government Marathi medium
school(45.7%) with previously not using given glasses(57.1%) and with taken amblyopia of only (7.1%) and
with spectacles maximum correction with mixed astigmatism (54.2%) between 6/36-6/9 in right eye (43%)
and in left eye (30%) . Hypermetropies’ improving to 6/12 is only 13%. So there’s very few cases improving
with the spectacles in hypermetropes in amblyopia.
Interpretation: Lack of school screening programs and awareness for health check-up delays the diagnosis
of amblyopia leading to non-improvement of vision and due to lack of knowledge and social stigma girls
especially avoid wearing glasses even after prescribing leading to amblyopia.
Conclusion: School health camps, proper health education, timely examination, and proper use of spectacles
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