Comparative Analysis of Associated Risk Factors Amongst Young and Old Stroke Survivors
Keywords:Stroke, age distribution, risk factors
Background: Stroke is an important health condition and is one of the leading cause of death worldwide.
Disability and impairments following stroke makes the management challenging.
Aims and objectives : 1.To analyze the associated risk factors in young and old stroke.2.To find the
associated risk factors in young age patients having stroke.3.To find the associated risk factors in old age
patients having stroke.4.To compare between the associated risk factors in young and old stroke.
Material and Method: Survey study was carried out in the department of medicine, neurosurgery and
department of physiotherapy, KIMSDU, Karad. Sample size: 696 subjects with first ever stroke, both male
and female above 18 years. Data was anonymously coded and entered into spreadsheet program before
analyzed using statistical method. Statistical analysis was done using instat software. The chi square test was
used. Percentage and frequency was calculated to summarize the response.
Results: The study included 434 were Male (62%) and 262 were Female (38%).The age distribution was,
335 people were belonging to 20-50 years (48%) and 361 people to 50 to 96 years (52%). This is analyzed
that association of these risk factors is increased in young age stroke survivors. Patients with older age had
higher frequency of Hypertension (HTN) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM).There is more no. of smokers in
young age group. There is a more no. of male stroke survivors than female.
Conclusion: The influence of risk factors at different ages is different. Risk factors like HTN and DM
were frequent in older age while more smokers in young age group. Awareness of stroke risk factors and
preventive measures can reduce the burden of stroke.
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