Identification of Sex from Facial Index in Western Maharashtra Population
Keywords:Spreading calliper, Sliding calliper, Ethnic, Medico-legal, Volunteers.
Background: Facial Index anthropometry has well known, implications in health-related fields,
identification of person in Forensic Medicine, Plastic Surgery, Orthodontics, Archaeology, hair style design
and examination of differences between races and ethnicities.
Method:120 (60 Male and 60 female) adults aged between 25 to 45 were studied. Facial height is divided by
Breadth of Zygomatic arch and multiplied by 100. The Measurement were taken from Nasion to Gnathion
and distance between two zygoma by asking the volunteers to sit in upright position, spreading calliper used
for measurement of two zygoma and sliding calliper for Nasion to Gnathion.
Results: The man value of Male Facial Index was 92.1 (SD±0.40) female was 89.2 (SD±0.19),t test value
was 1.97 and p value was highly significant (P<0.01) and anthropologically obtained values belong to
Conclusion: The present study of western Maharashtra will be useful for medico legal expert, anthropologist
to differentiate from other parts of country and abroad as well. Moreover, it would be useful to orthodontics
plastic surgeons for reconstruction of face.
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