Prevalence of Non-Strabismic Binocular Vision Dysfunction in A Hospital based Population


  • Rajib Mandal1 , Rajesh Kamath2



Headache, Incidence, Non strabismic binocular vision disorders, Orthoptic evaluation, Focusing problem, accommodative insufficiency, fusional vergence dysfunction.


This study was aimed towards finding the prevalence of non strabismic binocular vision dysfunctions

(NSBVD) in the Indian population presenting with different symptoms pertaining to binocular vision

disorders. Method: This retrospective study included one hundred and sixty one patients who presented

to the out- patient department with symptoms of binocular vision dysfunction, during a period of one

year. Patients were in the age group of 18 ±6.93, with 71 males and 90 females. Their binocular vision

dysfunction was assessed via several diagnostic modules/tools designed for binocular vision assessment.

Results: Results indicate that the most common binocular vision anomalies in this studied population are

fusional vergence dysfunction with accommodative infacility (40.38%), convergence insufficiency with

accommodative infacility (24.36%), Fusional vergence dysfunction (7.05%). Convergence Insufficiency

and Accommodative infacility showed the same prevalence of 7.7%. Discussion: Accommodative and non

strabismic binocular vision dysfunctions are commonly underdiagnosed/undiagnosed in clinical practice.

These disorders affect academic performance, sports activities and general quality of life. An appropriate

detailed orthoptic examination and accurate diagnosis is necessary to manage these binocular vision


Author Biography

  • Rajib Mandal1 , Rajesh Kamath2

    1 Principal, Netra Jyothi Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Udupi, Karnataka, 2Assistant Professor, Prasanna

    School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India




How to Cite

Prevalence of Non-Strabismic Binocular Vision Dysfunction in A Hospital based Population. (2020). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 790-794.