Analysis of Factors Related to Pesticide Poisoning in Rice Farmers in Teweh Selatan Subdistrict, Barito Utara District
Keywords:farmer, mixing dose, frequency of spraying, working period, wind direction, poisoning, pesticides
The results of monitoring and examination of farmers in Barito Utara District by examining the cholinesterase
enzyme by the Regional Health Laboratory and the District Health Office of Barito Utara in the blood of
farmers found 71.19% experienced organopathic pesticide poisoning. This study aims to analyze the risk
factors associated with the level of pesticide poisoning in rice farmers in Teweh Selatan Subdistrict, Barito
Utara District, namely mixing dosage, spraying time, spraying frequency, spraying duration, working period,
wind direction, and use of personal protective equipment. The research design used was observational with
cross sectional approach. The number of samples is 55 people taken by simple random sampling. Rice
farmers who experienced pesticide poisoning by 56.4%. Chi-Square Test showed four variables had a
significant relationship with the incidence of pesticide poisoning and were a risk factor for the occurrence of
pesticide poisoning namely mixing dose (p=0.003 OR=6.909; 95% CI=2.020-23.627), frequency of spraying
(p=0.004; OR=6,300; 95% CI=1.913-20.749), working period (p=0.020; OR=4.416; 95% CI=1.402-13.906)
and wind direction (p=0.007; OR=5.714; 95% CI=1.756-18.591). Multiple logistic regression test showed
that the most dominant factor related to the incidence of pesticide poisoning was the frequency of spraying.
Risk factors associated with the incidence of pesticide poisoning are mixing dosage, frequency of spraying,
working period and wind direction.
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