Analysis of Demographic, Socio-Economic and Biological Factors With the Incidence of Leprosy in Bombana Regency Southeast Sulawesi Province

Authors

  • Fauziah Zahra Fahrunnisa1 , Nur Nasry Noor2 , Muhammad Syafar3 , Andi Zulkifli2 , Ansariadi2 , Syamsuar4

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i4.12031

Keywords:

Leprosy, demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, biological factors

Abstract

Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. This study aimed to know the risk factors
of leprosy events in Bombana Regency in 2020. This study was an observational analytic study with case
control study design. The sample of this study was all population of Bombana Regency in 2020. The case
sample was the population diagnosed in the Leprosy Reporting Information System information reported
by the Bombana Regency Health Office during 2017 to 2019, while the control sample was undiagnosed
leprosy with matching based on age and gender. The total sample was 122 people (61 cases and 61 controls).
Control sampling with systematic random sampling. Data analysed using by the STATA computer program
with odds ratio test and multiple logistic regression. The results showed that BCG immunization (OR =
5.74, 95% CI = 1.95-16.89) and income (OR = 3.35, 95% CI = 1.34-8.38) were risk factors for occurrence
leprosy, while population migration variables, education level, and humidity are not significant risk factors
for leprosy. The study concluded that BCG immunization and income are risk factors for leprosy. The
variable most at risk for leprosy is BCG immunization.

Author Biography

  • Fauziah Zahra Fahrunnisa1 , Nur Nasry Noor2 , Muhammad Syafar3 , Andi Zulkifli2 , Ansariadi2 , Syamsuar4

    1
    Student of Master Program, Departement of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin,
    2Lecturer, Departement of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin, 3
    Lecturer,
    Departement of Heath Promotion and Behavioral Science, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin,
    4
    Lecturer, Departement of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin

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Published

2020-10-29

How to Cite

Analysis of Demographic, Socio-Economic and Biological Factors With the Incidence of Leprosy in Bombana Regency Southeast Sulawesi Province. (2020). Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(4), 2901-2907. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i4.12031