Study of Socio-Demographic Profile of Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City
Keywords:socio-demographic profile, fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries, road traffic accidents, road safety
Background: Victims in road traffic accidents sustain large varieties of thoracic and abdominal injuries.
This post mortem study of profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries, type, pattern and nature of external and
internal injuries involved will be an attempt to highlight the trends in this region. This study is aimed to study
socio-demographic profile of victims died due to fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries in road traffic accidents
in Mangalore city. Material and Methods: Present study was a record based retrospective autopsy study
carried autopsies that had thoraco-abdominal injuries sustained in fatal road traffic accidents. Results: 247
cases sustained thoraco-abdominal injuries in RTA were studied. The most common age group was 20 – 29
(21.8%) years followed by 30 -39 years (20.2%). Male victims (85.02%) were more compared to females
(14.98%) and male: female ratio was 5.6: 1. Most cases were happened on city roads (38.5%) & pedestrians
comprise the greatest number of victims involving 46% cases. 69% cases had thoracic trauma with signs of
external injuries while external abdominal injuries were present on 54% cases. 199 (81%) cases sustained
internal injuries to thorax. 55% cases were associated with external injuries of thorax and 26% cases are
without external injuries. Most common injuries were fractures of ribs (60 %), injuries to lungs (38%) &
injuries to heart (23%). There were 136 (55%) cases of internal abdominal injuries, most common organ
injured was liver (38%), followed by spleen (17%) & abdominal wall (14%). Conclusion: The present study
was undertaken to focus light upon socio-demographic profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries in fatal road
traffic accidents. Maximum numbers of the victims in the present study were males (85 %) in the age group
of 20-39 years (42%), reported in city roads (39%), during summer season. Maximum numbers of victims
were pedestrians (46%).
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions