Study of Socio-Demographic Profile of Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City

Authors

  • Abymon K K
  • Mohd Amjad Bhat
  • Azia Manzoor Bhat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14263

Keywords:

socio-demographic profile, fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries, road traffic accidents, road safety

Abstract

Background: Victims in road traffic accidents sustain large varieties of thoracic and abdominal injuries.
This post mortem study of profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries, type, pattern and nature of external and
internal injuries involved will be an attempt to highlight the trends in this region. This study is aimed to study
socio-demographic profile of victims died due to fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries in road traffic accidents
in Mangalore city. Material and Methods: Present study was a record based retrospective autopsy study
carried autopsies that had thoraco-abdominal injuries sustained in fatal road traffic accidents. Results: 247
cases sustained thoraco-abdominal injuries in RTA were studied. The most common age group was 20 – 29
(21.8%) years followed by 30 -39 years (20.2%). Male victims (85.02%) were more compared to females
(14.98%) and male: female ratio was 5.6: 1. Most cases were happened on city roads (38.5%) & pedestrians
comprise the greatest number of victims involving 46% cases. 69% cases had thoracic trauma with signs of
external injuries while external abdominal injuries were present on 54% cases. 199 (81%) cases sustained
internal injuries to thorax. 55% cases were associated with external injuries of thorax and 26% cases are
without external injuries. Most common injuries were fractures of ribs (60 %), injuries to lungs (38%) &
injuries to heart (23%). There were 136 (55%) cases of internal abdominal injuries, most common organ
injured was liver (38%), followed by spleen (17%) & abdominal wall (14%). Conclusion: The present study
was undertaken to focus light upon socio-demographic profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries in fatal road
traffic accidents. Maximum numbers of the victims in the present study were males (85 %) in the age group
of 20-39 years (42%), reported in city roads (39%), during summer season. Maximum numbers of victims
were pedestrians (46%).

Author Biographies

Abymon K K

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government, Medical College (IIMS),
Palakkad, Kerala

Mohd Amjad Bhat

Senior Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government, Medical
College, Jammu, JK

Azia Manzoor Bhat

Assistant Professor and In-charge Head, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,
Government Medical College, Anantnag, JK

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Abymon K K, Mohd Amjad Bhat, & Azia Manzoor Bhat. (2021). Study of Socio-Demographic Profile of Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14263