Study of Mortality Due to Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City
Keywords:mortality, fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries, road traffic accidents, road safety
Background: After the strict implementation of helmet rule the number of head injuries due to road traffic
accidents has subsequently decreased, but injuries sustained to thoracic and abdominal regions are still
on the rise. This post mortem study of profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries, type, pattern and nature of
external and internal injuries involved will be an attempt to highlight the trends of mortality due to thoracoabdominal injuries associated with road accidents in Mangalore city. Material and Methods: Present study
was autopsy record based retrospective study conducted deaths associated with thoracic-abdominal injuries
that have definite history of road traffic accidents. Results: From 247 deaths of RTA victims who sustained
thoraco-abdominal injuries, most common age group was 20 – 29 (21.8%) years, male: female ratio was 5.6:
1. 21 % of cases were spot dead or dead on arrival to hospital, 60 % of cases died within 24 hours. 68.8%
cases had thoracic trauma with signs of external injuries such as abrasions (60.7%), contusion (10.5%) and
laceration (10.2%). External abdominal injuries were present on 54.2% cases, 48.9% cases had abrasion
followed by contusion in 8.9% cases and laceration in 6.5% cases. 199 (80.6%) cases sustained internal
injuries to thorax. Fractures of ribs were present on 59.5% cases. Injuries to lungs sustained in 37.2% cases
and to heart in 22.6% cases. 136 (55.1%) cases of internal abdominal injuries, most common organ injured
was liver (38%), followed by spleen (17%) & abdominal wall (14%). Among the 247 cases, cause of death
in 47% cases was head injury followed by thoraco-abdominal injury (20%), head injury and thoracic injury
(8%), only thoracic injury (7%), abdominal injury (6%). Conclusion: The present study maximum numbers
of the victims were males, from age group of 20-39 years, reported on city roads, pedestrians, noted in
summer season and cause of death was head injury followed by thoraco-abdominal injuries.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions