Study of Mortality Due to Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City

Authors

  • Abymon K K
  • Mohd Amjad Bhat
  • Azia Manzoor Bhat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14264

Keywords:

mortality, fatal thoraco-abdominal injuries, road traffic accidents, road safety

Abstract

Background: After the strict implementation of helmet rule the number of head injuries due to road traffic
accidents has subsequently decreased, but injuries sustained to thoracic and abdominal regions are still
on the rise. This post mortem study of profile of thoraco-abdominal injuries, type, pattern and nature of
external and internal injuries involved will be an attempt to highlight the trends of mortality due to thoracoabdominal injuries associated with road accidents in Mangalore city. Material and Methods: Present study
was autopsy record based retrospective study conducted deaths associated with thoracic-abdominal injuries
that have definite history of road traffic accidents. Results: From 247 deaths of RTA victims who sustained
thoraco-abdominal injuries, most common age group was 20 – 29 (21.8%) years, male: female ratio was 5.6:
1. 21 % of cases were spot dead or dead on arrival to hospital, 60 % of cases died within 24 hours. 68.8%
cases had thoracic trauma with signs of external injuries such as abrasions (60.7%), contusion (10.5%) and
laceration (10.2%). External abdominal injuries were present on 54.2% cases, 48.9% cases had abrasion
followed by contusion in 8.9% cases and laceration in 6.5% cases. 199 (80.6%) cases sustained internal
injuries to thorax. Fractures of ribs were present on 59.5% cases. Injuries to lungs sustained in 37.2% cases
and to heart in 22.6% cases. 136 (55.1%) cases of internal abdominal injuries, most common organ injured
was liver (38%), followed by spleen (17%) & abdominal wall (14%). Among the 247 cases, cause of death
in 47% cases was head injury followed by thoraco-abdominal injury (20%), head injury and thoracic injury
(8%), only thoracic injury (7%), abdominal injury (6%). Conclusion: The present study maximum numbers
of the victims were males, from age group of 20-39 years, reported on city roads, pedestrians, noted in
summer season and cause of death was head injury followed by thoraco-abdominal injuries.

Author Biographies

Abymon K K

Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government, Medical College (IIMS),
Palakkad, Kerala

Mohd Amjad Bhat

Senior Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government, Medical
College, Jammu, JK

Azia Manzoor Bhat

Assistant Professor and In-charge Head, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,
Government Medical College, Anantnag, JK

Published

2021-03-24

How to Cite

Abymon K K, Mohd Amjad Bhat, & Azia Manzoor Bhat. (2021). Study of Mortality Due to Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents in Mangalore City. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 32-37. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14264