Effectiveness of Warm Water Foot Bath Therapy on Quality of Sleep among Elderly
Keywords:Warm Water Foot Bath, Quality of Sleep, Elderly People
Background: Insomnia is a subjective complaint of inadequate night-time sleep. It is the most prevalent
sleep disorder identified by older people.1
Depression, anxiety, and reduced cognitive function have been linked with severe lack of sleep. Poor sleep
quality in the elderly reduces the quality of life, but sadly the most elder people do not report sleep problems
unless expressly requested. Warm water foot bath provides a better sleep at night, as it calm downs and
relaxes the body and mind. This works by increasing the body temperature slightly and after 15 minutes this
starts to drop gradually. This may indirectly encourage sleep. Gradual decrease in body temperature makes
us feel drowsy and so we feel better prepared for sleep. A warm water foot bath also diverts some blood from
the head to lower parts of the body, decreases brain activity and mimics the state of pre-sleep.2 We wanted to
determine the effectiveness of warm water foot bath therapy on quality of sleep among elderly.
Methods: In this study the 60 older adults are selected based on inclusion criteria and were assigned to
experimental and control group alternatively. The experimental group composed of 30 elder people and
control group contained 30 elder people. The researcher developed rapport with older people receiving warm
footbath and explained the benefits of intervention. The day we began the data collection, the demographic
data and pretest took from elder people of experimental group and control group. On the next day, warm
footbath was given by the researcher with duration of 15 – 20 minutes for five consecutive days in older
people of experimental group. On the other hand, routine work is maintained in control group. Posttest was
done on sixth day for both experimental and control group to assess the sleep quality among elderly by using
Groningen Sleep Quality Scale.4
Results: Findings shows that 25 sample (83.33 %) had undisturbed sleep at night, 5 (16.67 %) had disturbed
sleep at night using warm water footbath therapy and none of them had poor sleep at night. The minimum
score was 2 and the maximum score was 7 and the mean score was 4.23 ± 1.30 with a mean percentage of
30.2 %. There significant association between qualities of sleeps and age group.
Conclusions: The significant difference between preexisting sleeping quality and effectiveness footbath
interpreting effective quality of sleep using warm water footbath therapy among elderly. Mean value of
preexisting sleeping quality is 8.93 and effectiveness of footbath therapy is 4.23 and standard deviation
value of preexisting sleeping quality is 0.828 and effectiveness of footbath is 1.305. The calculated t-value
is 14.75 and p-value is 0.000. Hence it is statistically interpreted that the effectiveness of footbath therapy
among elderly was effective
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions