Biomedical Waste Management in India-A Review
Keywords:Biomedical waste, Health care, Colour-coding, Segregation
Biomedical waste is any kind of waste either solid or liquid containing infectious, potentially infectious
materials of medical, laboratory or research origin from activities such as diagnosis, prevention & treatment
of diseases. Bio-medical waste has a higher potential of infection and injury to the healthcare worker, patient
and the surrounding community. It consists of human anatomical waste, animal waste, microbiology &
biotechnology waste, waste sharps, discarded medicines & cytotoxic drugs, soiled waste, liquid waste,
incineration ash & chemical wastes. Common generators of biomedical waste include hospitals, clinics,
medical & veterinary colleges, blood banks, mortuaries, autopsy centers, biotechnology institutions, research
laboratories, home health care & funeral homes. Hazardous chemicals & radioactive waste though noninfectious require proper disposal. World Health Organization states that 10% of hospital waste are infectious
& 5% are non-infectious but hazardous waste. World Health Organisation has classified medical waste into
8 categories which include general, pathological, radioactive, chemical, infectious, sharps, pharmaceuticals
& pressurized wastes. In India, Biomedical waste (Management & Handling) Rules 1998 along with further
amendments regulate biomedical waste management. It consists of 6 schedules which includes Category
of Biomedical waste, Colour coding & type of container, Label for Biomedical waste containers or bags
which should be non-washable & prominently visible, Label for transport of Biomedical waste containers or
bags, Standard for treatment & disposal, Schedule for waste treatment facilities like Incinerator, Autoclave,
Microwave System. Operating Standards like combustion efficiency & Emission Standards are defined.
The present review article focused on basic issues as definition, categories, problems relating to biomedical
waste and procedure of handling and disposal method of Biomedical Waste Management.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions