Efficacy of Stretching vs Muscle Energy Technique in Postoperative Elbow Stiffness: A Research Protocol


  • Gunjan Shende
  • Mitushi P. Deshmukh
  • Deepak K. Jain
  • Pratik Phansopkar




Postoperative elbow stiffness, Post isometric Relaxation, Restoration of ROM.


Background: The elbow, intermediate joint of the upper limb, frequently undergoes pathological events and
is especially prone to stiffness. Patients lose his capacity to conduct the compensatory movements which
may result in intolerance. Fracture and dislocations are commonly seen in the individuals. Careful evaluation
is must before treatment. Physical therapy plays an important role in recovering functional activities.
Methods/Design: The study will be designed as a Randomized Control Trial. Total 20 participants will be
selected as per inclusion and exclusion criteria from AVBRH and RNPC OPD, Sawangi (Meghe). Duration
of the study will be 6 months. 20 subjects will be grouped into two out of which 1 group of participants
will receive Stretching (static stretching) and group 2 will receive Muscle energy technique (Post isometric
relaxation). Visual Analogue Scale for Pain and Assessment of Range of Motion using Universal Goniometer
will be the outcome measures for the patient.
Result: Outcome measures of the patient using muscle energy technique can have more effectiveness as
compared to stretching. It may help to regain muscle strength and the patient will be able to perform the
compensatory movement in adjacent joints.
Conclusion: Will be published after the results are analyzed..

Author Biographies

Gunjan Shende


Mitushi P. Deshmukh

Assistant Professor

Deepak K. Jain


Pratik Phansopkar

Assistant Professor, Department of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Ravi
Nair Physiotherapy College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi(M), Wardha, Maharashtra,



How to Cite

Gunjan Shende, Mitushi P. Deshmukh, Deepak K. Jain, & Pratik Phansopkar. (2021). Efficacy of Stretching vs Muscle Energy Technique in Postoperative Elbow Stiffness: A Research Protocol. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(2), 136-138. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i2.14291

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